has been popular since at least 500 BC -- But who were these
rugs for ?
Rug weaving has been popular since at least 500 BC, when
we know that oriental rugs were already making a highly desired
treasure for the royalty of this time. Perhaps the most famous
rug in existence today is the Pazyryk carpet, which is believed
to have been woven during this period. This ancient weaving
was first discovered in a princes tomb at Pazyryk, near outer
mongolia, back in 1949.
Some of the best oriental rugs have been woven on the most
basic looms. Of these the village weaving loom is the simplest,
with the rug making process carried out between two horizontal
beams which are themselves attached to two vertical poles.
The rug itself is woven by skilled rug makers that patiently
knot short pieces of yarn onto a mass of vertical threads,
known as warps. A skillful weaver can tie as many as 8000
knots every day, and weave a 6ft by 4ft rug in about a month.
One of the biggest changes faced by rug makers came about
with the introduction of chemical dyes to the process of making
rugs. Up until this time wool rugs would often 'streak' over
time, making an effect known as 'abrash'. Rugs made using
the new chemical dyes were far more permanent, and so processes
were created to deliberately 'streak' the rugs and recreate
the 'abrash' effect. This allowed rug makers to weave authentic
looking mass market copies of oriental and persian rugs.
March 12th 2005
By: Paul Goodwin
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